Written by Megy Karydes from usenaturalstone.org
Architects have called it futuristic and compared it to spaceships. Envisioned and designed by late renowned architect Zaha Hadid, the 520 W 28th Street residential condominium building in New York City’s Chelsea neighborhood features a stunning piece of wall art carved from Grigio Brasile marble that expands 34 feet. Sting and wife Trudie Styler are reportedly renting an apartment in the upper floors of the building, while Ariana Grande and her fiancé Pete Davidson dropped $16 million for a condo in the building.
Stone sourced for this Pinnacle award-winning project was quarried in Greece, and shipped to Italy for the highly-detailed fabrication process.
“The Modern organic design from Zaha Hadid gives the building a unique and impressive dynamic shape which changes from one viewing point to another,” says Colin Addley, CEO and president of Port Morris Tile & Marble.
Port Morris Tile & Marble was tapped to engineer and execute the artistic stone feature wall and matching floor design in the building’s lobby, no small feat, to be sure. The company is no stranger to working on large-scale and challenging projects that involve complex engineering throughout the New York City area.
“Having an international talented and experienced team which have worked with very well-known architects on numerous projects gave us the edge to add value and bring a skilled service to compliment the [Zaha Hadid] Design team,” says Addley.
Still, Hadid’s reputation for creating unique and challenging designs wasn’t lost on Addley and his team. When they first reviewed the drawings and renderings, the question was raised several times: how to turn this concept design into a reality.
Line drawing schematic for installing the individual pieces.
Above and below: Once the hand-selected stone blocks were machined into shape, the individual pieces were crated like pieces of art sculpture and shipped to New York for installation.
Sourcing Natural Stone
Choosing the natural stone to meet the needs of the space and realize Hadid’s vision was an important part of the process.
The Grigio Brasile marble, quarried in Greece, proved just the right color variations and quantities for the monochromatic design with beautiful smoky-grey color tones. It also featured highly durable characteristics which made it attractive for this project.
“The structure and the grey background of the natural marble emphasized the organic, three-dimensional shapes and made it the focal area in the space,” says Addley.
The natural stone was then shipped to Italy for a highly-detailed fabrication process before all of the feature wall stone pieces were specially and individually crated like pieces of art sculptures and shipped to New York City.
Port Morris Tile & Marble worked closely with Hadid’s design team to refine the layouts required to accommodate the block size limitations in order to allow for proper installation, which involved everything from considering different engineering options, several sketches, technical drawings, 3D modeling, and mockups.
“Full-scale mockups were required from the design team in order to ensure and check the precision of the stone to the 3D model files. The wall stone pieces were shaped using a CNC machine from custom cubic stone as the first step and then finished by highly skilled and qualified craftsmen,” says Addley, who admits it would have been very difficult to realize the same wall with the same precision, budget, and schedule without involving CNC machines.
“The latest technologies represented in CNC machines played a big role in achieving this extraordinary design and vision,” he shares.
To reduce the waste factor, the stone was divided into custom cubic measurements to match with each stone piece.
The installation process for the stone wall took about three weeks to complete, with four to five Port Morris Tile & Marble craftsmen working on the project. The stone floor and walls of the entire lobby took an additional seven weeks to complete.
Installing a Zaha Hadid-Designed Sculpture
The installation process took about three weeks to complete the wall stone pieces, which required between four and five mechanics from Port Morris Tile & Marble’s highly skilled union stone craftsmen and seven weeks to install the complete lobby stone (floor and wall) under direct daily supervision of its staff.
“We used a classic anchoring system, as recommended by the engineer,” says Addley. “The anchors were used around the stone pieces in different angles and were epoxied to the marble and bolted to the concrete substrate wall.”
The installation sequence of the expansive and very heavy, organically curved stone with odd and pointy edges was the most challenging aspect of this project. The stone was rigged and installed in a creative, planned process to put the wall puzzle together and turn the project into a reality.
The design of the lobby feature wall as a new standing landmark in New York City represents how an inspired vision, combined with skill and engineering, can push natural stone design and the industry standards to new limits by the integration of the latest technological innovations.
Having the once-in-a-lifetime chance to work on Zaha Hadid’s last designed project was an honor for Addley and his company. The company recently was honored for its work by the Natural Stone Institute’s highest honor, the 2017 Grande Pinnacle Award for Best Overall Project and a Pinnacle Award of Excellence in the Commercial Interior category. These highly-coveted awards are given to projects whose beauty, creativity, ingenuity and craftsmanship exemplify professional mastery in the use of natural stone in commercial and residential applications.
Above and below, left: Installation in progress on the lobby feature wall. The stone was rigged and installed in a creative, planned process to put the “wall puzzle” together.
Above, right: A detail view of the anchor system shows how the sections fit together like puzzle pieces. The anchors were used around the stone pieces in different angles and were epoxied to the marble and bolted to the concrete substrate wall
Technology helped make this project possible, and Addley believes we’re going to be seeing more work pushing limits as a result.
“The stone industry is in the process of pushing the limits of stone design to a higher level and creating a new realm of possibilities by integrating the latest technology,” he says.
Working on a project designed by Zaha Hadid might have been a personal and professional highlight for Addley and his team, but working with challenging projects and buildings designed by architects pushing the boundaries is their trademark.
For those who want to get a glimpse of Zaha Hadid’s space-age, 11-story residential building, it can be seen hugging New York City’s High Line. It’s worth a step off the beaten path to stroll through the lobby and see the landmark and masterful craftsmanship created using natural stone.